A Cataract changes to the crystalline lens causing clouding which obstructs light and image quality. In order for the eye to work properly, it needs a clear lens to most effectively focus light on the retina. The clouding is actual a change in the tissue on a molecular level where sulfide bonds are broken and realigned resulting in a loss of clarity. Besides the typical age-related cataracts, there are several kinds/causes:

Medication-induced Cataract – some medications like chronic and prolonged steroid use

Secondary Cataract – forms as a result of other medical conditions like glaucoma, diabetes, exposure to toxic substances, etc

Congenital Cataract – present at birth

Traumatic Cataract – Develops after an eye injury

Radiation Cataract – forms after exposure to radiation or electrical shock

Medication-induced Cataract – some medications like chronic and prolonged steroid use

Cataracts affect more than 22 million Americans aged 40 and older. other than age additional risk factors include a family history of cataract, diabetes, smoking, alcohol, serious eye injury, the extended use of steroids and exposure to ultraviolet rays. Although cataracts are not preventable, they are simple to correct with cataract extraction.  Once the cataracts begin to impact your life adversely talk with your eye doctor about getting surgery.

Cataract surgery is still the most commonly performed surgery in the United States, and these numbers are growing with the aging baby boomer population hitting cataract age. Cataract surgery is out patient is mostly done free of any stitches using a clear corneal technique. The cataract is removed from the eye through a tiny incision and a clear implant is put in its place. They are starting to incorporate the use of lasers into the procedure.

If you are experiencing symptoms or have concerns about cataracts, call us to schedule an eye exam appointment with our own Droz. (918) 893-3769
 Dr. Matthew Ozment on LinkedIn!